Endoplasm and Ectoplasm

Recently, I was asked to explain “endoplasm“ and “ectoplasm“ in the context of P.R. Sarkar’s “Microvitum in a Nutshell“ (1991). Therein, the related text reads as follows:

“We know in the realm of cosmic extrovert, in the first phase – that is, in the phase of extrovert – ‘subtle’ is transmuted into ‘crude’, and in the returning phase of introvert, ‘crude’ is metamorphosed into ‘subtle’. In this progress, rather in this semicircular approach, there may be subtler objects in the scope of matter — many objects subtler than electrons or protons, neutrons or positrons — but we find no alternative but to say that they are either electron or proton or positron or neutron. And similarly, in the psychic sphere there may be entities subtler than ectoplasm or its extra-psychic coverage, endoplasm.
There are entities which come within the realm of both physicality and psychic expressions which are smaller or subtler than atoms, electrons or protons, and in the psychic realm may be subtler than ectoplasm. For such objects or for such entities I use the term “microvitum”. This microvitum, or in plural microvita, are not of protoplasmic order, and as such they have got little to do with carbon molecules or carbon atoms, which are treated as the initial points or initial stage of life in this universe. So far as physicality is concerned, the position of these microvita is just between ectoplasm and electron, but they are neither ectoplasm nor electron.”

In the first paragraph, P.R. Sarkar says that “in this semicircular approach (of the cosmic circle), there may be subtler objects in the scope of matter – many objects subtler than electrons, protons, neutrons or positrons”. So, the first question is, whether he relates to the extrovert or the introvert phase — or eventually to both?

Then, he introduces the psychic sphere, and he says that “similarly, … there may be entities subtler than ectoplasm or its extra-psychic coverage, endoplasm.” Clearly, neither ectoplasm nor endoplasm (its extra-psychic coverage) belong to the scope of physicality. And I understand that ectoplasm as well as its extra-psychic coverage are also distinct from the more subtle types of matter.

In elementary philosophy of Ananda Marga, the scope of matter, may it be based on elementary particles or not, is summarized as Annamaya Kosha. And the psychic sphere is summarized as Citta, which means that ectoplasm belongs to Citta.
But what about endoplasm, its extra-psychic coverage? Here, “endo” means more towards the inner self, nearer to Aham and Mahat, the “pure I”. And “ecto” means more towards the outer being, nearer to the physicality of Annamaya Kosha. So, he apparently says that endoplasm is situated in a sphere between Citta and the “pure I“, whereas ectoplasm fills the major part of Citta, adjacent to Annamaya Kosha.

In the second paragraph, he says that “there are entities which come within the realm of both physicality and psychic expressions which are smaller or subtler than atoms, electrons or protons”. So, here he refers to the area between Citta and the more subtle types of matter in Annamaya Kosha. And then he continues saying that “there are (also) entities which” … ”in the psychic realm may be subtler than ectoplasm”, which refers to the area between Citta and the “pure I”. Subsequently, he says that “for such objects or for such entities I use the term ‘microvitum’.”
Primarily, the word “such” should refer to the last object, which is situated between Citta and the “pure I“. Nevertheless, it is not very clear whether he means the first or the second type of entities — or both?

In the last sentence of this paragraph, however, he clarifies that he means both: He says: “So far as physicality is concerned, the position of these microvita is just between ectoplasm and electron, but they are neither ectoplasm nor electron.” Which means that in this case, we’re dealing with microvita situated between elementary particles and the ectoplasmic part of Citta. And obviously, these entities are crucial in the extrovert phase of the cosmic circle.
But regarding the second case, we’re dealing with microvita situated between the ectoplasmic part of Citta and the “pure I”; and these entities are crucial in the introvert phase.

I’m attaching the related wall paper from our Microvita class in August 2015. It shows a bubble with ectoplasm, endoplasm and “pure I” (the Annamaya Kosha is not even mentioned in this diagram). Besides, we can find more information: It says that the microvita situated between physicality and ectoplasm are “neutral”, whereas those situated between ectoplasm and “pure I“, means those situated in the extra-psychic coverage (endoplasm), are either “positive” or “negative”. So, P.R. Sarkar’s text as well as the sketches on the wall paper become quite understandable; if not, let’s have a discussion.

The wall paper also shows that the term “Microvita“ is not a composite of the  greek “micro“ and the latin “vita“. Because in latin, the noun “vita“ (life) is singular, “vitae“ (lives) plural, and the singular “vitum“ / plural “vita“ doesn’t exist. Consequently the words “Microvitum“/“Microvita“ must be seen as composite neologisms.


Starry Nights

Recently, we managed to reach a small town in southern France, where I came across four sights that made my imagination go wild: Vincent van Gogh’s Maison de Santé, the Hôtel de Sade, the birthplace of Michel de Nostredame and the Antiques, 500 meters south of Vincent’s refuge. My wife asked how it is possible that such important people are all linked to this small place, and so I started visualizing Vincent, strolling around in the streets of Saint Rémy de Provence. As he walked along Rue de Parage, he must have come to the Hôtel de Sade, a building constructed by Balthazar de Sade, whose father had been ennobled in the 15th century by the Pope himself. The famous Marquis de Sade, one of his descendants, however, never lived here, he rather grew up at his uncle’s château, around 30 km north-east of Saint Rémy.

On his way back, Vincent probably passed the place where Michel de Nostredame was born in 1503. Proceeding further down, he had to enter Avenue Pasteur, in order to reach Saint Paul de Mausole in time, where he lived as a self-admitted patient since May 8th 1889.

The building was an old Augustine priory, but had been converted to a psychiatric asylum in 1807. Vincent stayed in a small chamber with a barred window and an extra room for his work. His treatments  comprised of a two-hour bath twice a week as well as moderation in eating, drinking and smoking. The attending physician described his attacks as ‘epileptic in nature’. His illness meant that after being perfectly all right for weeks or even months, he would suddenly suffer an attack that lasted days or even weeks. Until May 1890, he had four such attacks, which left him in a state of complete mental derangement. He had self-destructive tendencies, but the worst thing, as he said later, were his religious delusions. After these episodes he was downcast and lacked the will to live.

The other day, Vincent made a walk towards a range of rocky mountains. There he came across a place with a roman triumph arch and a cenotaph. The former had once been the entrance to the city of Glanum, whereas the latter belonged to an ancient necropole. In the following night he managed to escape from his asylum and sidled off to the cemetery. Stumbling around he suddenly became aware of a greenish air vortex. In the beginning he wondered, but then he asked the luminous body about its intentions. And the vortex replied: “I am restless. I once lived in affluence and luxury, but then I received a letter from Rome. It contained a detailed description of the extermination of Pompeii. Plinius, admiral of the empire’s fleet, had come to rescue the inhabitants, but his sailors got intoxicated by the sulfuric gases, emitted from Vesuvius. Additionally, his ships were set on fire by the hot ashes, falling from the sky. So, the inhabitants as well as those who came to help them, were all killed. Plinius’ nephew sent a report to Tacitus, who then issued a curriculum to all roman prefects. Reading this report my imagination went wild. I couldn’t stop thinking about the burning city… but the worst thing was that I got obsessed with ideas amounting to the break-down of the entire empire. Even after my physical death, apocalyptic delusions continue to bother me, and so I am unable to find any peace.“

A very similar encounter happened when a young man from Saint Rémy came to the same place about 370 years earlier. He still lived with his parents at Rue Hoche. His father, Jaume de Nostredame, was a grain dealer and notary, his mother, Raynière de Saint Rémy, belonged to a long-established family. His paternal grandfather, Guy Gassonet, had converted from Judaism to Catholicism, and changed the family name to Nostredame, mostly to avoid persecution by the Inquisition. During his childhood, Michel was tutored by his grandfathers, who both saw his extraordinary potential. He was taught the rudiments of Latin, Greek, Hebrew and mathematics. Additionally he was introduced into the Jewish traditions as well as the celestial science of Astrology.

In his free time, Michel strolled around in the countryside, mostly towards Mont Gaussier, which guards the entrance of the road to the Alpilles, a small mountain range. Embedded in a beautiful landscape, he could find the remains of the roman town Glanum, with a so-called ‘pyramid‘, standing in the lavender fields in front of goat-caves hollowed into the nearby cliffs. One evening he escaped from his father’s house. Sneaking through a starry night, he reached the necropole. There, he suddenly became aware of a greenish vortex. Attracted by its supranatural beauty, he approached the luminous body and asked: „What are you doing here?“ And the vortex replied: “I am restless. I once lived in affluence and luxury, but then received a letter. Pompeii had been destroyed, the inhabitants as well as those who came to help them, were all killed. Reading the report my imagination went wild. I couldn’t stop thinking about the desaster… but the worst thing was that I got obsessed with apocalyptic delusions, which continue to bother me. And so I am unable to find my peace.“

This encounter made Michel’s imagination go wild. It didn’t stop for decades and inspired him to write 942 quatrains (poems with 4 lines), which he organized into centuries (groups of 100 quatrains, with one having only 42), containing all his prophecies (http://www.crystalinks.com/quatrainscentury1.html). They became famous during his lifetime, and continued to influence so many people, among others Joséphine de Beauharnais, who anxiously hid them from her husband Napoleon Bonaparte, as she realized that Pau Nay Loron (VIII/1), the first Antichrist, was meant as a code name for Napauleon Roy.

Similarly, Vincent’s imagination was stimulated; he got inspired to produce 152 paintings of superb quality (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Vincent_van_Gogh). Most of them contain vortices, indicating that the world in front of us is spiritual in nature. They call on us to communicate, and – yes – even to sing and dance together…

 Vincent van Gogh: The Starry Night, 1889


A New Science of Reality – Part I

What we aim at is to introduce a new science of reality, replacing the current energy-based atomism with a concept of “atoms“ essentially based on what we call microvita (ultimate particles of consciousness).

The standard model of particle physics doesn’t provide any rationale for conscious experience. As per common thinking, however, things that feel must be made of things that feel (Charles Birch). Consequently, the ‘hard problem of consciousness’ (David Chalmers) remains as a challenge. In this situation, we present elementary particles with complementary objective and subjective attributes mirroring each other. As a result, the body-mind/mind-body problem gets resolved.

First and foremost, we interconnect two very different understandings of life: The one is brought forward by the contemporary indian epistemology and the other by our western science. Due to their profound differences, however, the connection can not be compared to a bridge. Rather, it has got similarities with a tunnel, going down to the very basic level of existence, before reaching the surface on the other side. Accordingly, we have to deal with quantum physics and its subatomic entities. And then we deal with the human mind as described by the modern Indian thinker Shri Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar.

But beyond providing a connection between two understandings of life, we also offer a mathematical model for the mysterious entities called microvita. According to Shri Sarkar, billions of them constitute a single carbon atom; and although they are so small, they have life-like qualities, thereby allowing living cells to get organized, wherever the environmental conditions allow this to happen. But the story doesn’t end here: Once started, life continues to be influenced by these entities, either in a positive, or a negative way, whereby positivity is understood as a change from crudeness to subtility, allowing consciousness to expand. And vice versa, negativity is the change which compells consciousness to shrink and crudify. In contrast to the eastern tradition, however, consciousness is described not discursively, but by quantifications in the imaginary space-time.

In conclusion

  1. Objectivity and subjectivity need equal importance. This is achieved by mapping mental space as clearly and distinct as it is usually done with objective space, which can be realized by assigning all subjective entities to imaginary coordinates.
    Western science is usually obsessed by the myth of objectivity, degrading subjectivity to a purely private affair. In contrast, we present a model where objectivity and subjectivity co-exist on equal footing: The objective has its value only when reflected in the subjective, and for the subjective only when reflecting the objective. So why not create the complete model? This is possible by adding imaginary dimensions to the Cartesian coordinate system, and then ascribing all subjectivity to the realm of imaginary space-time.
  2. Consequently, the current energy-based atomism can be replaced by a concept of “atoms“ based on microvita.
    Aristotle rejected atomism not because of its inconsistencies, but because of its tendency to undermine the unity of being: In his view, spirit gives form to formless matter. With crude atoms having own shapes, however, macroscopic forms appear to be a product of matter, precluding the role of any spirit.
    Accordingly, we try to resolve this dilemma by demonstrating how “complete atoms“ can be shaped by the supreme cognitive principle itself, quantitatively.
  3. As already mentioned, the body-mind and mind-body problem can be resolved thereby.
  4. Additionally, natural selection can co-exist with an evolution driven by final causes. Amongst the various theories on the origin of intelligent life (theories based on natural selection, self-organisation, an anthropic or teleological principle) our work highlights the possibility of final causes driving natural evolution. This is brought about by considering the future to appear open only in real space-time, but to be virtually predetermined in its imaginary (subjective) counterpart. So, with goals being set therein, evolution is driven in the predetermined direction.
  5. After all, the concept of microvita (ultimate particles of consciousness) can be used as the prime solution for all these dichotomies. Situated at the boundary between objective matter and subjective abstract, we find entities that are able to act as gatekeepers, organizing our reality thereby. Being extremely small, but also fundamental to all living forms of existence, they have been named microvita.

All in all we dare to say that the revelation of this hitherto unknown concept will compell postmodernism to further push evolution onto a unified global civilization.

How do we differ from other concepts

Our attempt is unique in providing a mathematical explaination of microvita, which have been introduced in 1986 by the indian philosopher Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar, but were commented upon by only narrative, comparative and discursive approaches up to now.

Additionally we give a very broad outlook: The current concepts of atomism provided blueprints for the materialism and capitalism of our times, culminating in claims, such as that consciousness is nothing but an epiphenomenon of matter. Moreover, they gave birth to weapons of mass destruction – physically (H-bomb), psychologically (media mass control) and economically (collateralized debt obligations).

Anti-modern movements, on the other hand, were numerous and as old as modernity itself. They usually referred to traditional values, devoid of a realistic outlook of the future. On the whole, they were unable to succeed, which turned out to be the dilemma of our times, affecting almost everyone: Hope usually prevailed in its conflict with regret.

In this situation, the proposed concept of microvita is decisive, insofar as it drives modernity to a point where it is no longer supporting the self-destructive individualism, materialism and capitalism of our times. But it does not do so by referring to the past, rather it builds on the latest achievements of modern science.

Also important to know

A book entitled ‘From Imaginary Oxymora to Real Polarities and Return’ is in market for the past two years (available at amazon books online). I should briefly explain what I mean with ‘imaginary oxymora’:

In my book, ‘imaginary’ does not mean conceited or fictitious, rather it refers to the imaginary part of complex numbers. And oxymora (plural of oxymoron) also refer to the complexity of our reality; additionally they bear upon entities like yin-yang. In western culture, a similar idea is outlined in Plato’s Symposium, where Aristophanes talks about a united whole, of which the name survived, but nothing else; a distinct kind, constituted by the union of the male and the female, the sun and the earth …


Another Thought Experiment

We have arrived at an interesting point:

Consider a neuronal assembly (A), i.e. a group of neurons that maintain strengthened synaptic connections with one another, so that they are more likely to be active all together at the same time. In these assemblies, the neurons are not necessarily all physically close to each other. They can be distributed across various parts of the brain. Moreover, a single neuron can belong to several different assemblies and can be recruited into new assemblies at any time (1).

Now, consider a second neuronal assembly (B) with



We already indicated that the activated state of neuronal assemblies is primarily unstable, but can be stabilized by a Quantum Zeno-like effect produced by sets of microvita (2).

So, imagine a set of synchronizable microvita



In the synchronized state, they will produce a bosonic field, which interacts with A or B respectively. The interactions amount to the effect that d ≈ Δt, i.e. that the duration of the synchronized state of microvita approximates the duration of the activated state of the neuronal assembly.

Now, consider two sets of microvita, one positive and one negative. They will be able to produce different bosonic fields at different frequencies. Field A will stabilize the neuronal assembly A, and field B will do the same to the neuronal assembly B. In case that the synchronization shifts from the negative to the positive set, we can predict the following changes in our neuronal assemblies:

Which means that the coherence in assembly A and B (inactive state green) changes due to a microvita-vector, labeled positive if the related sentiments, memories or opinions become positive – conversely negative.

(1) Neuronal assemblies and synchronization of brain activity (2013)

(2) Zeno Time Factor of Neuronal Assemblies (2014)


A Remarkable Day

Our spiritual master occasionally talked about luminous bodies. He also spoke about Deva- and Praetayonis, and of course, he wrote about microvita. In ‘Microvita in a Nutshell‘, for example, we find in his first discourse:

Now, these microvita are not of the same density or the same subtlety. Some of them come within the range of a highly developed microscope; and some of them may not come within the range of a microscope, but by their actional expression or through their actional faculty or as a result of their actional vibrations, they may come within the scope of our perception. They are of subtle order. There may be still more subtle forms of microvita which may not come directly within the scope of our perception but may come within the scope of a special type of perception which is actually the reflection of conception within the range of perception in a limited sphere.

So when we decided to spend our next summer vacation in Iceland, I started asking myself whether we could find something there in that regard: As Iceland is known for its elves, trolls and dwarves; and moreover, there are tales saying that people occasionally heard supernatural singings – which resembles the tales about Gandharva Devayonis in India and Afghanisthan…

A few days later, I talked to a Margii friend on phone. During the conversation, I mentioned that we were planning to visit Iceland, the land of supernatural beings. At that he remembered a quote saying that in the future, scientists will be able to see microvita with the help of a sophisticated microscope. Therefore, we ‘concluded‘ that microvita could be found in Iceland, and that these might be larger than elsewhere, so that they might be recognizable through a lens. Subsequently, we agreed that a photo should be taken, showing myself in Iceland, identifying a particular microvitum for the first time in history, with the help of only a lens.

With this idea in mind, we embarked on August 3rd, 2014.

From the start, I looked for a suitable location. On the third day, we had a bicycle tour of Reykjavik. Gunnar, our guide, brought us to an elves rock near the old city center. We considered taking photos there at midnight, but eventually decided to look for a better place.

On the same tour, he also mentioned a volcano, Snaefellsjökull, in the extreme west of Iceland, which is not only a place of remarkable sagas, but also one of the few centers of occult powers on planet Earth. So we decided to go there and check out what it‘s all about.

On reaching Snaefellsjökull National Park, we intensified our search for a suitable location. In the late afternoon we came to a small settlement, called Helnar. There, in the vicinity of a basalt cliff, we found a wooden church, and at the edge of its graveyard, I saw a hole in the ground, obviously leading to a system of tunnels below. My wife mentioned that it’s nothing but an entrance for moles or rats, but I considered it to be the ideal site for our photo shooting.

Around midnight, I dressed up appropriately, and then we went to the place, equipped with a torchlight and a lens. In the dim light of the northern summer midnight, we managed to take some fairly good photos with me, engaged in identifying a microvitum living under the Helnar graveyard – which is undoubtedly a historic place, with Bardur Dumbsson, the icelandic sage having chosen to settle there more than 1200 years ago.

Another day, we proceeded to visit a big lava tube nearby. It consists of three cavities, up to fifty meters under ground. The first one was introduced as a former meeting place of elves and trolls. There was a central ‘stage‘ with a ‘throne‘, an ‘audience hall‘ and a ‘gallery‘ for ‘visitors‘. We imagined how grandfathers and grandmothers must have told their children about these caves, being the sites where the trolls made their decisions, later affecting human lives in so many ways.

On the next day we prepared ourselves for a hike to a thermal stream in the highlands near Hveragardi. We parked our camper at the foot of the hills. From the start, we were fascinated by the volcanic landscape with sulfuric smoke coming out of countless fissures. Moreover, boiling springs were bubbling left and right of our track.

Covering the distance of 3.5 km, however, was felt like 10 km at least. Finally, we arrived at a location where a hot and a cold stream merged, providing moderate temperatures to the subsequent waters. But before taking a bath, we were eager to explore the area around the hot stream. My wife had already managed to reach the embankment, from which she had a good view of the slopes with their sulfuric efflorescences.

 I struggled to reach the same spot, but the ground was muddy and my feet sunk in. I started to jump in order to avoid getting messed up, but it hardly helped – I sunk down to my ankles. When I had almost reached her, she suddenly yelled: NOT HERE! I realized that there was an outlandish zone in front, so I jumped aside. When I finally reached her, shoes and trousers were all full of mud – and the area right next to us was recognized as a thermal spot, which could have swallowed me only a few seconds before.

On our way down to the parking zone, we got more and more exhausted. My legs were aching and I repeatedly slipped due to an insufficient grip of my shoes. When we approached the car, my wife asked for the key. I started searching my pockets. We both checked all possibilities, but the key was gone. Did I loose it while jumping around in the mud? Was it lost while cleaning my clothes afterwards? My wife said she would go back and search for the key. I said I would accompany her, knowing quite well that hiking all the way for a second time would exceed my capacities. Desperately I decided  to first go to the toilet. Sitting there in agony, I suddenly heard my wife screeming: “The key is found!!“

In despair, she had gone to the car and found a notice, saying that the key can be collected in the nearby restaurant. Oh yes, we were realy relieved. No need of going back all the way to the bathing site!

Outside, in a corner, I saw a brochure with pictures of the hot stream, displayed in even better colors and details than I had been able to depict them. Really great! We boarded our camper and drove to the camping place. Ten minutes later, I started looking for my purse. I asked my wife – she could hardly believe it: The purse was gone with all our cash, credit cards and driving license. We searched in the car and finally decided to go back to the imbiss restaurant, having seen the purse there for the last time. When we asked the barkeeper about it, she simply said: “It‘s not your day, isn‘t it?“ In despair, we again discussed the various possibilities. We exchanged email-addresses and telefone-numbers, in case that the purse would reappear. Suddenly, my wife yelled: “The purse is found!“ She got it on the floor, just next to the brochures with the beautiful pictures. Thank God, purse and key were back to where they belonged.

In the late afternoon we speculated about the reasons for such a series of mishaps. Quite soon, we considered that it might be related to my plan of publishing the photos with the fake identification of crude microvita. At a recent assembly of trolls, they might have discussed the issue. After finishing their general agenda, a renowned troll might have stood up in order to report to the headmaster that a german fellow and his indian wife had come to Iceland. They had made a series of photos posing to show the identification of some microvita with the help of a lens only. So, although Anandamurti had clearly said that these entities will be seen with the help of a sophisticated microscope, this fellow dared to hunt for them with a lens only. Moreover, he had chosen the graveyard of Helnar, a sacred place near Snaefellsjökull, making fun not only of microvita, but also of one of the most reputed places of occult powers on planet Earth. Such an iniquity needed punishment, no doubt. So the headmaster asked the assembly about their suggestions. He said: “This fellow used to be a good boy, but now he became too naughty. We have to show him the limits.“ A small troll, standing on the gallery, jumped down and squeaked: “I have an idea, I‘ll make his most needed belongings disappear.“ “Hmmm“ said the headmaster, “let it be so.“

The small troll knew that we were desperately dependent on the car, the driving licence and the credit cards, so he managed to let them disappear. The elves, however, felt that the punishment was too hard, and they intervened by helping to get them all back.

In the evening, while driving along the southern cost, we came in sight of Heimaey, the island where a volcanic eruption destroyed a whole town in 1973. I wanted to take a photo, but there was no parking place. Instead, I saw a restricted zone just next to a junction, and I thought that it should be possible to take a picture through the open window and proceed.

While peeping through the lens, a car suddenly stopped next to us, and a friendly man with a police cap warned that we were not allowed to stop the car at this location. I was absolutely stunned to see this man, as there had been no traffic on the road, and it seemed that he had come out of nowhere, just to catch us committing a sin.

After this incident, we proceeded towards Skaftafell. As I saw the famous waterfall for the first time, I again wanted to take a picture through the open window. But I neither found a parking place, nor a restricted zone, so, again, with no traffic far and wide, I stopped the car on the highway.

In the very next moment, a police car crossed in front. The same person came to us asking for my driving licence. He told that there is a fine in Iceland for stopping the car on the highway. And then he said, with the glimpse of an elve: “I give you a last warning.“ We understood.

Sufficiently ashamed, we proceeded into the northern night. It became difficult to find a sleeping place, but we finally agreed to stay at Laufskalavarda. Next morning we got to know about its history: There had once been a large farm known as Laufskalar with 24 doors on iron hinges. It was destroyed in the year 894, during the first recorded eruption of Katla volcano. The local lava mound was named after this farm. Everyone passing by for the first time was supposed to pile up some stones, just to bring good luck. My wife said we should also do so, in oder to please the elves of this place. I took a few stones from nearby, but she searched for them at a distance: The elves should be satisfied, having saved us so many times on that remarkable day …


Propensities and Reincarnation

  1. Neuronal assemblies are supposed to be quantum objects. Their electrical activities are transient and irregular – unless they are stabilized by a Quantum Zeno Effect-like interaction, which is, in turn, controlled by microvita.
  2. Neuronal assemblies representing human propensities are also controlled by microvita.
  3. The set of microvita controlling the propensities of a person defines his or her basic characteristics.
  4. In the process of metempsychosis, it is enough to transfer this set of microvita from the dying to the new organism:
  5. It leaves the body with the vital airs (Pranah, including its tanmatras), exhaled at the time of death.
  6. Thereafter, two forces maintain its groupification:
    a) an attractive force based on the similarity of its components,
    b) a centripetal force towards its nucleus composed of the microvita with the strongest longing for a change of their internal state (similar to the driving force in Leibnitz‘s monads).
  7. Sets of microvita can exist for some time at the borderline between the physical world and the world of cosmic imagination, i.e. in the sphere described by Shri P.R. Sarkar as the silver lining between matter and abstract.
  8. From there, a set of microvita may enter a newly born child, consequently taking control over the development and expression of its propensities.
  9. If a suitable body is not available, such sets of microvita may also align themselves with aerial and luminous factors, thereby creating what has been called “luminous bodies“.
  10. Luminous bodies can help or harm their fellow human beings. Details may be found in Shri P.R. Sarkar‘s writings about Deva- and Pretayoniis.

Microvita Research 1993-2013 – Part III

In contrast to the model described in Part II, an ealier version was in need of a second pair of creation and annihilation operators, with the inner one processing the ‘core matrix‘. The related figure is depicted below.
Figure 6: Transmutation of the microvita core matrix
The full tensor-model of microvita was introduced in ‘Microvita and the Mind-Body Problem‘ (=> figure 7):
Applied to the toroid-model, we get 64 golden balls representing the matrix elements, plus 128 silvery balls forming the grid. The inner ring with 2x4x4 elements is supposed to function as the ‘inner creation and annihilation operator‘, processing the ‘core matrix‘ (grey disc) – the rest as mentioned before. Figure 8 shows the related toroid-model.
The simplification of Part II is based on the assumption that the transmutation of the core matrix can be omitted; in this case, it is enough to allow for a fluctuation around zero, with
which amounts to the well-known model of vacuum fluctuations in quantum electro-dynamics.
Figure 9 from Quantum Fields LLC
The transmutation of form/charge factors, nevertheless, remains unchanged as outlined in Part II.

Microvita Research 1993-2013 – Part II

For the sake of clarification: Microvita vectors are supposed to change frequencies and coherences in the energy-filled void. They cause the vacuum to behave like a differentiated medium with interactions modifying the properties of particles. Thus, the properties of matter cannot be ascribed to the particles alone; they are also determined by their interactions with vacuum fluctuations. Matter must always be seen together with its vacuum background, which we consider to be controlled by microvita.
In order to control, however, microvita must be related to some intrinsic values.
In the beginning, we simply added an imaginary time axis. Thus, frequencies could be conceived as real and imaginary. Later, we additionally added imaginary space, allowing vibrations to propagate not only in real, but also in imaginary space-time. Consequently, real properties had to be complemented by imaginary ones. A conveniant notation for such movements is provided by the complex 4 x 4 matrix, with 2 x 2 values denoting the position, and 2 x 2 values denoting some key properties (to be extended as required).
In this setting, the sites of particle pair production and annihilation (both bosonic and fermiotic) can be modeled as complex 4 x 4 matrices, operating on the 4 x 4 matrices of imaginary (=> production) or real (=> annihilation) particles respectively. The ultimate model for this process is depicted in figure 3.
The model shows 4×4 elements (golden balls on top) acting as a creation operator, transforming particles from the imaginary to the real space; 4×4 elements (golden balls at the bottom) acting as an annihilation operator, transforming real particles (black disc) from real to imaginary space; the core (grey disc), fluctuating around zero, thereby providing and absorbing the energy for/of such virtual particles respectively. An example for the related matrix-transformations is shown in figure 4:
Such an operator can be modified, of course, in many ways; examples are provided in my book.
Figure 5 gives an overview on the concept.

Microvita Research 1993-2013 – Part I

Since 2003, four mv-models have been developed:
The vacuum fluctuation- (2003), the vector- (2005), the tensor- (2012), and the toroid-model (2013) of microvita. They build on each other, i.e. the vacuum fluctuation-model (vfm) shows the idea; the vector- (vem) and tensor-model (tem) describe its physical resp. mathematical functions; and the toroid-model (tom) summarizes all this into a unique geometrical model.

Shri Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar first introduced the concept of microvita in a Renaissance Universal talk on December 31st,1986. More discourses on the subject followed, until shortly before his death in October, 1990. They have been summarized in a book entitled ‘Microvitum in a nutshell’, comprising 37 chapters.
In 1989, Acharya Ratnesh Brc. published a first interpretation of the subject entitled Microvita: Cosmic Seeds of Life.
In 1993, the subject was highlighted at the 2nd Gauss Symposium, Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich (Germany), where I also gave a talk about ‘Time Patterns and the State of Mind‘ (Proceedings-2nd-Gauss-Symposium-Mathematics).
From 1992 to 1997, Richard Gauthier published 13 issues of the Microvita News.
In 2001, Prof. Sohail Inayatullah published Microvita and Social Evolution.
In 2003, we had our first European Microvita Seminar in Berlin (Germany).
In December 2005 and 2006, the 1st and 2nd International Microvita Study & Research Workshop was held in Vig (Denmark).
In 2007, Microvita Research e.V. was founded in Berlin (Germany).
In May 2008 and 2009, the 3rd and 4th International Microvita Study & Research Workshop was held in Berlin (Germany).
In March 2012, the first International Seminar on Microvita Research was held in Udaipur/India.

Parallel to exegetical endeavors, modelling of microvita started out from some key sentences. In ‘Matter and Abstract‘ P.R. Sarkar writes, for example:
Now, the entity or entities coming within the conception of the mind are pure abstract, and those coming within the perceptions or feelings of the sensory or motor organs are matter, pure matter. But the position of energy and microvita is on this silver line of demarcation between matter and abstract.
And in ‘Questions and answers on microvita – part 5‘, he further elaborates:
Then, what is the silver line of demarcation between matter and idea ? Of that silver lining, the outside is matter and the other side, the inner side, is idea. That is, this silver lining is made of the initial stage of matter and the cruder stage of idea. If you consider that the atom is the constituent of matter, likewise idea is the constituent of microvita.

Accordingly, we had to clarify what ‘abstract‘ and ‘idea‘ actually stands for in this context (http://de.scribd.com/doc/14538818/MvHistoryPart1).

The answer of the year 2003 is summarized in figure 1:

Which means that there is always an interaction between real and virtual force particles (gluons, photons, etc.), which amounts to the idea of a conscious vacuum, affecting fermions like quarks, electrons, etc.: Sea gluons/photons constantly annihilate each other, and at the time of re-emanation, they should carry some bits of information from the vastness of vacuum to the limited existence of our fermiotic world.

In a next step, we started out from P.R. Sarkar‘s discourse ‘Neo-Ethics of Multilateral Salvation’, where he says:

Let us consider the case of the structure of a carbon atom. … The difference between two atoms is mainly one of nuclear difference. … Billions of Microvita produce a single carbon atom. That is why it cannot be said that everything comes from carbon atoms. Rather, the carbon atoms come from Microvita. Not only carbon atoms, but all other kinds of atoms are the creation of Microvita.

Thereupon we designed a Nucleon Model (=> From Imaginary Oxymora to Real Polarities and Return, p. 18), which could be generalized to describe various states of an energy-filled void. Consequently, the sites of force particle pair production and annihilation were considered to eventually prefer certain frequencies and phases. In the ground state, they would produce randomly, but at other conditions, the range of frequencies would be straitened; additionally, their phases could be synchronized, resulting in various degrees of coherence. So, the microvitum could be defined as a vector, allowing to shift the mean frequency and coherence at defined locations in space from (ν1, c1) to (ν2,c2), with E = h ν.

Figure 2 summarizes the answer of the year 2005:

The idea was that the state of mind can be characterized by two parameters, i.e. frequency and coherence, which determine not only the time patterns of the neuronal tissues (see ‘Time patterns and the State of Mind‘, Proceedings of the 2nd Gauss Symposium, Munich, August 2-7, 1993), but also those of the virtual particles, produced and annihilated ibidem. Consequently the state of mind could be changed by a microvita vector


Zeno Time Factor of Neuronal Assemblies

The graph shows the zeno time factor (y-axis) in relation to the number of observations per unit time interval (x-axis) at non-decay probabilities PN(T) of 0,90 to 0,99 with



So, the main question is, how to estimate the number of observations per unit time interval.

1. Unit time interval
The available literature suggests that 3-sec segments of time are the basic temporal building blocks of not only perceptual experiences and motor processes, but also behaviourally expressed and synchronised, interpersonal, intersubjective experiences (1). Furthermore, E. Pöppel (2) writes: The subjective present as a basic temporal phenomenon has interested psychologists for a hundred years (e.g., James 1890). We are now in a position to indicate how long such a subjective present actually lasts. This numerical answer can be derived from a number of different experiments which all converge to a value of approximately 2 to 3 seconds.
And further below: It should be stressed (however) that the temporal platform does not have the characteristics of a physical constant but that an operating range of approximately 2 to 3 seconds is basic to mentation; obviously, one has to expect subjective variability for such a temporal integration window.

Consequently, the unit time interval should be in the range of 1-4 seconds. And with a quasiparticle production and annihilation of around 100 per unit time interval, we get 10-40 msec per cycle (25 to 100 cycles per second), which is well in the range of mean neuronal firing rates.

2. Number of observations per unit time interval
Neurons carry information by irregular sequences of action potentials. Histograms of interspike intervals often show skewed distributions, with a sharp leftward edge at 4 msec, a maximum at 40-80 msec, and a rightward tail corresponding to interspike intervals of up to 300 msec. Within neuronal assemblies, neurons can switch from unsynchronized to more or less synchronized modes.
Regarding time perception, Simon Grondin wrote in 2010 (3): One important model … is the one involving a cortico-striatal or, more specifically, a frontal-striatal, circuitry (Meck & Benson, 2002; see Matell & Meck, 2004; Matell, Meck, & Nicolelis, 2003). The striatum, which receives millions of impulses from the cortical cells, plays a critical computational role. The hypothesis is that striatal cells receive inputs from cortical neurons when a “start-timing” signal is given. These cells, which have firing rates from 10 to 40 cycles per second and are not normally synchronized in their activity, begin firing simultaneously for a moment, creating a specific pattern of neural activity. When the timekeeping activity must stop after a specific time interval, the substantia nigra sends a message to the striatum. The pattern of activation at that moment is then recorded via a burst of dopamine and serves to identify a specific interval length.

So, our hypothesis is that a set of synchronized Microvita (अ1, अ2, … अm)Tμ  should be able to influence a neuronal assembly (Q1, Q2, … Qn)Dν  to the effect that its neurons (otherwise unsynchronized in their activity) start firing simultaneously at about 40 (10 to 100) cycles per second, thereby creating an arrangement/pattern of activity, representative for a particular Vritti.

And, as the frequency of the quasiparticle production and annihilation during observation (μ) should equal the frequency of the activated neuronal assembly (ν), the Zeno time factor can be estimated, using the graph given above.


(1) Emese Nagy: Sharing the moment: the duration of embraces in humans. Journal of Ethology 2011, 29/2: 389-393

(2) Ernst Pöppel: Lost in time: a historical frame, elementary processing units and the 3-second window. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 2004, 64: 295-301

(3) Simon Grondin: Timing and time perception: A review of recent behavioral and neuroscience findings and theoretical directions. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics 2010, 72/3: 561-582